Deguchi Atsushi’s Lab

Main research themes

1. Sustainable industrial transformation

Industrial city means a dense agglomeration of industrial production and people, but it also includes a dense concentration of capital that attract people to certain locale. Transformation is log-term trajectories of changes under the condition that total change of system. For sustainable industrial transformation, not only industrial population dynamics, but also city level socio-environmental aspects are relevant to city level transformation are to be considered in city development.

Hyun Young Ryu researched sustainable industrial transformation in her PhD study and she focused on city dynamic lifecycle from mass data in Korea and proceed typological analysis base on the transformation types of the industrial cities. Her findings contributed on suggesting to direct how a city can be sustainable after the industrial transformation from empirical data.

2. Urban green provision

Green area means a plot of land intended for vegetation, it includes but is not limited to, urban forest, agriculture and parks which distinguishes green areas from green coverage, whereby green coverage includes land plots that are designated for other users, including built areas that have not yet been developed. Green area availability is important for a city’s sustainability. It is included in sustainable city indicators as a follow-up of UNCED in 1992. Rapid urbanization in developing countries.

Dyah Fatma targeted Jakarta Metropolitan Areas (JMA) as her study site, because JMA has significantly reduced its green areas. The main focus of our research is the implementation level of the urban green area. Thus, based on the special analysis of the green area and policy analysis for regulation and promotion of the urban green, she guided policy implications for further protection of the urban greens.

3. Livable city

In recent urbanization discussion, “livability” is proposed as a key development target of cities, however the discussion on the concept is still in its process for clarification. Currently, several index and ranking systems are used to measure livability of cities. These index and rankings are intended to compare cities by a set of objective indicators that measure city’s economic viability, environmental performance, and human capital development.

Kyoko Takahashi recently conducted filed research in Malmö in Sweden, and our research stands on a perspective that each city is unique, so that comparing all cities by standardized categories is not reasonable to reflect the reality of each city. Our research argues that it is necessary to develop a method to identify context-specific categories that incorporate the uniqueness of a city in livability discussion. This study proposes such method for identifying context-specific categories and visualizes livability of a city through a case study of Malmö. Standardized categories of livability are created from a perspective of comparing cities, therefore the applied categories are largely quantitative and they intend to evaluate business and residential performance of city environment. In contrast, the context-specific categories integrate qualitative dimension of livability which reflect residents’ subjective fulfillment in city environment. Our research suggests that the context-specific categories should be incorporated in the existing livability discussion in order to measure diverse and unique dimension of cities.

 

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Field Work Photo in Sep 2016 (Semi-structured interview at Sweden National Transportation Research Center (K2)) (Kyoko)

Publications

Hyun Y R. and Deguchi, A., 2014. Transformation of Industrial Cities and Sustainable Development: Industrial Characteristic and Demographic Changes of Industrial Cities in US, Japan, and Korea. Selected paper of The first conference of IASUR (International Alliance for Sustainable Urbanization and Regeneration), Kashiwa Japan, CD 10pages

Dyah, F., 2014. Study on Drivers and Impacts of Land Use Change in Metropolitan Region: Case Study of Jakarta Metropolitan Region, Indonesia. Proceedings of The first conference of IASUR (International Alliance for Sustainable Urbanization and Regeneration), Kashiwa Japan

Dyah, F. and Deguchi, A. 2016. Planning Implementation for Mitigating Loss of Green Areas in Peripheral Urbanized Areas of Greater Jakarta: Case Study of Tangerang Selatan. Urban and Regional Planning Review, Vol.3, pp85-108.

Takahashi, K., Kudo, S., Furukawa, N., Tateishi, E., and Nordqvist, J., (In Review). Identifying Context-specific Categories for Visualizing Livability of Cities: A Case study of Malmö. Challenges in Sustainability.

 Special awards

 

C:\Users\今日子\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\292A3587.jpg Paper Proceeding Award at IASUR International Conference in Oct 2014 (Fatma)

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Selected Paper Award at IASUR International Conference in Oct 2014 (Ryu)